Dilution Factor Calculations
- Dilution means to reduce the concentration of a solution.
- A solution is produced when a solute dissolves in a solvent.
- Concentration refers to the amount of solute dissolved in a volume of solution.
- A solution can be diluted by adding more solvent to the solution, then
(i) volume of solution increases from Vintial to Vfinal
(ii) concentration of solution decreases from cinitial to cfinal
- Dilution factor refers to the ratio of the volume of the initial (concentrated) solution to the volume of the final (dilute) solution1,
that is, the ratio of V1 to V2
V1 : V2
- A dilution factor, DF, can be calculated:
DF = V2 ÷ V1